UNESCO HIV and AIDS Education Clearinghouse forum

18-29 May 2009. Teachers and HIV & AIDS: reviewing achievements, identifying challenges. (Closed forum) => Child protection school environments => Topic started by: Forum Moderator on May 07, 2009, 12:20:02 pm



Title: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Forum Moderator on May 07, 2009, 12:20:02 pm
• What is the role for teachers in ensuring that schools are safe places, free from abuse, violence, exploitation, HIV transmission through accidents, HIV-related stigma and discrimination, and homophobia? In what ways can teachers use their power or status to help or hinder HIV prevention? 

How are teachers trained to create a safe environment for HIV education that fosters respect, trust, confidentiality, gender equality, openness and comfort in discussing sensitive issues? Are separate interventions required for girls and boys?

• How can harmful practices including gender-based violence and abuse, sexual interactions between teachers and learners, and harassment be prevented? Are codes of conduct in place to prevent and to address reported cases of abuse? Consider also the role of ministries of education, head teachers, teachers’ commissions, teachers’ unions and parent-teacher associations in this area.

• What preparation and support are teachers being provided to deal with HIV-positive children or children affected by AIDS? What role are teachers playing in identifying vulnerable children and supporting linkages between schools and health and other social services?

• To what extent are teachers providing counselling and psychosocial support for HIV-affected children? Has any training been provided to support them in this role? Is this sustainable or do other mechanisms need to be put in place? 


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Barbara on May 18, 2009, 12:12:12 pm
Dear forum participants,

It is my pleasure to open this forum. I hope you will be able to log on easily and to share your contributions with us.

An interesting discussion held during a recent workshop in Ghana on Educational planning and management revolved around the question of teacher-student relations in school and at university, and on sexually transmitted grades. The participants from Sierra Leone identified this as one of the major issues that need to be addressed to tackle the problem of HIV in the education sector. In fact, the phenomenon is apparently common enough that it is said of girls who do not pass their exams that they have no “bottom brain”.  Are you finding this to be an issue in your country? If yes, why is that so?

Barbara
IIEP-UNESCO


Title: Reflections on teacher training
Post by: Might Abreh on May 18, 2009, 02:29:31 pm
In Ghana the the pre-service teacher training component has well packed information on ICT education. The content analysis of topics and issues treated in the course at the teacher education colleges reflects good routes to success. The students have role play and practical sessions on adapting tools that ameriorate the impact of HIV AIDS in our schools and the community. Ghana government sensed the urgency and constituted the Ghana AIDS commission mandated to structure focus and create awareness in increasing the compaign to combat HIV AIDS.

The activities of the research communities that work with the Ghana AIDS Commission and the depth of reasearches as well as the NGO participation in various compaign against AIDS. Teachers are equipped tohrough public debates and essays on the cry against AIDS at in-service and tertiary levels. Interventions at the university of education and the counselling and giudance centres in some public universities as well research units private keep strengthening their understanding on the subject and reveal their findings by means of symposia and seminars that teacher trainees benefit.

With the advent of the education system in Ghana to provide teachers with the basic qualification as diploma much has been achieved and Ghanaians thus look with scorn over AIDS. The communities that teachers serve, through the education acquired beginning teachers impact their knowledge on the communities who in turn co-operate with this beginning teachers.

The case of Ghana like any other HIV liable country has good code of ethics for teachers and the 2008 education act of the Republic Ghana is a good footing to punish any licensedteacher who conduct himself/herself badly in this respect.

Might
IOE-UCC


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Mark_Omolade on May 18, 2009, 02:45:07 pm
In Nigeria,Teacher traning to create awareness still need more attention from the government because most teachers with the epidemic don't have the courage to come out in the public due to stigma & discrimination. Now,we need to start the work on advocating stigma & discrimination solidly. Mark Omolade


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Might Abreh on May 18, 2009, 03:34:47 pm
Mark,

What strategy would be used to do the teacher sensitization? I am well aware that there a different states in Nigeria. I am interested about how that will be done; whther a research group as a faculty sensitization exercise.


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Mark_Omolade on May 18, 2009, 05:40:28 pm
Might, Thank you. Yes we have 36 states in Nigeria. When l came back from Ghana l set up a network of friends from 3 different universities in 3 states to set up a counselling unit that will focus on stigma & discrimination. Among these people are university Professor. All they need to do is to counsel the teachers with the epidemics. mark


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Might Abreh on May 18, 2009, 06:53:36 pm
Tomorrow Nick and other colleagues will contribute and I guess their interest will also be in the subject under discussion in the helping create safe environments for teachers and students. Tomorrow is another day to contribute to the subject I hope all a good day on todays discussion and hope all wil reflect on today's subject to participate in tommorrows.

Mark thanks for good work initiated by you and your team I think we later have to establish contact and forge some collaborations in the sub-region. 



Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Nal-PREUSKER on May 18, 2009, 07:00:57 pm
• What is the role for teachers in ensuring that schools are safe places, free from abuse, violence, exploitation, HIV transmission through accidents, HIV-related stigma and discrimination, and homophobia? In what ways can teachers use their power or status to help or hinder HIV prevention? 

How are teachers trained to create a safe environment for HIV education that fosters respect, trust, confidentiality, gender equality, openness and comfort in discussing sensitive issues? Are separate interventions required for girls and boys?

• How can harmful practices including gender-based violence and abuse, sexual interactions between teachers and learners, and harassment be prevented? Are codes of conduct in place to prevent and to address reported cases of abuse? Consider also the role of ministries of education, head teachers, teachers’ commissions, teachers’ unions and parent-teacher associations in this area.

• What preparation and support are teachers being provided to deal with HIV-positive children or children affected by AIDS? What role are teachers playing in identifying vulnerable children and supporting linkages between schools and health and other social services?

• To what extent are teachers providing counselling and psychosocial support for HIV-affected children? Has any training been provided to support them in this role? Is this sustainable or do other mechanisms need to be put in place? 


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Shelina Walli on May 19, 2009, 09:53:07 am
In Tanzania, like many other countries, teacher receive barely any training on how to deal with, teach about, or counsel on issues around HIV/AIDS.

In a recent research conducted at primary school teacher training colleges, it was noted that scientific information on HIV/AIDS is provided to teachers who take the science option. This only includes the causes and effects of HIV/AIDS.   Teachers who take civics and religious studies learn about effects of HIV/AIDS  on human development.  This leaves teachers with limited information and unprepared to translate their knowledge into useful information for their pupils.

Not to mention the effects of this limited knowledge on the teachers themselves!


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Arrey Emmanuel Enow on May 19, 2009, 11:11:30 am
Dear Babara,
The issue of sexually-transmitted marks is a very said situation. I will like to share this small experience with you then you can see why it happens. When i was in the primary school, We had a certain group of "BIG" girls in the class who the teacher used to send to clean his house every time we had manual labour in school. This girls will not even attend some classes but were always the top in class. Not till the end that one of them were pregnant and it was discovered that it was the teacher.
I will also like to give you a second experience in the University. This was not far from now. it was in 2000. Where a teacher wanted to go to bed with my friend and she refused. For that reason, she repeated his course and i could only validate it during the re-seat exams. this was because she stood firm and said no. All this torments went on silently because when you voice it out, you risk staying for the rest of your life in the university. No body was there to defend her/my right so that was one of the reasons i got involved in the HIV/AIDS issues.
 


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Mark_Omolade on May 19, 2009, 11:21:50 am
Walli,
Thanks for your contribution,l want to believe that if you can build up a network on sensitisation in all your states in Tanzania,you'll make a way.Let the network cut accross the science,Art and commercial teachers by desiminating information basically electronic.Achievement will be recorded. Teacher traning to create a safe environment should be a core subject in the curriculum.


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Might Abreh on May 19, 2009, 12:21:23 pm
The Guidance and Counselling Unit of the University of Cape Coast have initiated programmes aimed at the helping students and faculty and other university staff realise issues and information on HIV-AIDS free of charge. One programme conducted by the university for students is to assign all students to academic counsellors at the departmental levels and to hall counsellors at the hall of residences level. This has given students the urge to come up with issues for deliberation with their lecturers/counsellors. At other times counsellors give talks and seminars that offers opportunity to students to benefit from  social life including prevention of Aids.

According to the interview conducted this morning on the role of the Womens' Caucus of the University of Cape Coast in curbing high incidences in the University with the president of the association. The area of focus of the Womens' Caucus is advocacy on reproductive health education and gender parity. With teachers, students and other educational future life at stake the University of Cape Coast has established the Sexual Haraasment Policy. The Sexual Harassment Policy in the university is steered by the Sexual Harassment Committee of which the interviewee serves as a member. The committee conduct researches and investigations into the causes of sexual harassments and based on the findings make recommendations to schools faculties, schools, centres, Institutes and departments which are carried out as such university wide.

However, the university has setup a new requirement for underegraduates to enable them graduate, that is Gender Mainstreaming hosted by the Faculty of Social Sciences' Institute for Development Studies. The course has HIV AIDS well discussed in it. HIV AIDS as a programme is also pursued.


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Might Abreh on May 19, 2009, 12:35:30 pm
Arrey,

The issues of abuse as I have indicated in my earlier submission today can be curbed if there is a structured sexual Harassment Policy at higher levels of education. In that case students are informed and become well aware that there system will shield from the personal attack of any individual lecturer or teacher. The District Education Oversight Committee does among other things sits on cases of this nature at the basic school level in Ghana.

Can we make our students safe at school by making them aware that the system will cover and protect by making and enacting policies that protects the students. In my yesterday's submission i did state that the Education Act of Ghana condemns and subject any abuse case to the jury for appropriate punishment. With your first hand information I hope you better understand the situations and I know new emerging trends must be occuring in your context. In case you need our assistance as well we shall be ready to assist.


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Mark_Omolade on May 19, 2009, 07:38:24 pm
Might, Good thing like that is also going on in one of the university that l have network with by giving counselling to the female students on the issue of dressing mode on campus to avoid harassment from the lecturers. Most girls in the higher institutions in Nigeria dress in a way to seduce these Male Lecturers for marks,with the counselling unit on ground this will be addressed. Mark


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Forum Moderator on May 20, 2009, 02:56:01 pm
A contribution sent via email from Francelino Da Silva Correia, President of TLETA (The Timor Leste Exact Teacher Association):

1.   For every school must be establishing the center of check up HIV and AIDS for students and teachers, this method my be to ensure safety of places freedom from abuse etc.
-   The ways for teacher to use their power is the Department of Health and Department of Education must be jointly and corporate to the teacher Association/ teacher unions to promote, controlling, evaluate towards activities of students regulation, and the law who involved in HIV and AIDS Training, to prevent the epidemic HIV and AIDS, it is possible for the teacher can use their power to hinder HIV prevention.
2.   After the teacher trained about HIV and \aids training, they must be implementing in every area where they work to create the center of counseling, evaluating, general check up towards the students or teacher who involved at the region or the area.
-   The general check up must be organized by the Department  OF health (Medical Check up) by doctor or physician, this case as a role to safe the environments for HIV and AIDS Education.
-    No separate and intervention required for girl and boys and other hands if Urgent and danger yes must be separate.
3.   According my opinion No harmful if the practicing including gender-based violence and abuse, and if harmful during in the practicing or harassment sexual interactions between teachers and learners , we have code and conduct in our country to solving, based on in our role of culture, religious law, Government law, however but before solving use the legal code of conduct, we have cultural action to negotiate and implement before and solving cases of abuse including the role of Ministry of Education, head teacher, teacher commission, Teacher Association, teacher Union and parents teacher Association considered also.
4.   The teacher must prepare the mental of counseling, high moral, high physiological, and also medicine for fascination place of quarantine (corporate with the Ministry of Health to provide the Condition.
-   Blood checking, playing with doctor or physician it is one role to identifying vulnerable of children.
-   Jointly program via Communication, promotion, Information inter active as a linkages between school, health and social service.
5.   For give the mental of treatment, power of confidence to lose of negative thinking from the children who transmitted the HIV.
-   Yes we need any training in this role to support them
-   Sustainable and do not need any other mechanism put in the place, because some times against of the cultural original for every villages or country.
-   If yes only for in progress for the future if this role not yet solving the problems. 


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Regina Lialabi Handongwe on May 22, 2009, 09:00:15 am
In Zambia trainings for teachers in Counselling and Psychosocial Support for all children including those affected by HIV are conducted by the Ministry of Education and other stakeholders supporting the ministry's efforts. The ministry of education department of counselling trains teachers on counseling and providing psychosocial support to children affected by HIV.

This is not sustainable because only one teacher at a school is trained and there is no sharing of information with other teachers in the schools, or lack of interest and support by other teachers.

Other mechanisms that can be put in place are training other stakeholders to ensure that they provide support to the teachers in this area. Camfed will conduct training for head teachers, school based committees, mother support groups, resource team members and young women on the Camfed programme as trouble shoots in counselling and psychosocial support.




Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Regina Lialabi Handongwe on May 22, 2009, 09:10:19 am
The role of teachers in ensuring that schools are safe places.
The government of Zambia's committment to "providing a school environment where learners' rights are protected and their safety assure" the Ministry of Education National Implementation Framework-NIF of 2008-2010, the National Child Friendly School Initative introduced by Ministry of Education with support from UNICEF in 1998 and the Schools as Centers of Care and Support (SCCS) prompted Camfed Zambia to launch an advocacy on child protection in Zambian schools.

Teachers have been trained on identifying all forms of child abuse and the referral systems within their communities where abused children can be refered to.

Teachers can use their power to help prevent HIV by ensuring that the child protection policy is implemented in schools, and by also ensuring that all forms of child abuse cases are reported and perpetrators are prosecuted.


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Regina Lialabi Handongwe on May 22, 2009, 09:18:07 am
Harmful practices- Despite codes of put in place to prevent and address reported cases of abuse there are still reported cases of sexual interactions between teachers and learners in rural areas. For example a case of sexual interactions is reported to the head teacher, who reports to the District Education Office, who reports to the Provincial Education Office who then also reports to the Teaching Service Commission at Nationa Level. Meanwhile when all this is going on the teacher is still in school and teaching.

The when the case gets to the teaching service commission there is not enough evidence to dismiss the teacher who is alleged to be having sexual interaction with learners.

This process is too long and complicated there should be a situation where the head teacher, PTA, teachers and teacher unions at District level can handle such cases without much delay.


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Forum Moderator on May 22, 2009, 10:27:43 am
Contribution received via email from Ethiopia:

Teachers' role is immense(positively)..it needs empirical evidence and basic or action research in this area. But in general the overwhelming majoriy of teachers playing pivotal role- good teacher means good parent..act as a role model(positive role model). Indeed there might be other side(but parents/family, media, law enforcement institutions, schools,..should work together in harmony)


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Forum Moderator on May 22, 2009, 10:33:22 am
Central African Republic, strategies to fight against stigma and discrimination of HIV requires a very broad awareness of the school as students. If our days Teachers read much affected by this scourge, it is because these teachers are left to be seduced by their students or by their students, this case is common in RCA and we have provided training in these places and we always continue to be donner.Il awareness that these affect all layers of the persons concerned.

Jean Pierre  DAMEGO-COTONFRANC of Central African


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Eileen Nkwanga on May 22, 2009, 06:33:10 pm
I would like to agree and strengthen much of what Regina has written about the safety of school children in Zambia.  I have recently discussed this issue with many education staff at various levels of the system.

1. I agree that there are far too few teachers trained in Counselling and Support through either NISTCOL, occasional in-service courses or other providers.  I have been told by several school teachers that, even if one teacher is trained, it does not mean that he or she passes on what has been learnt to others. However, at one basic school the staff are talking amongst themselves and have joined forces to present a series of talks for the students at assemblies on various health issues associated with HIV/AIDS.  These include nutrition, self-esteem, peer pressure, prevention, and advocacy.

2.  Staff at the provincial and district levels and the teaching service are agreed that the procedures for 'disciplining' teachers who have abused their students are very cumbersome.  They also point out that few cases are reported for several reasons. (a) The child may fear to report the teacher because he/she is an authority figure, has control over the child's school progress or offers money or other incentives.  (b) The guardian, parents and/or community may benefit financially for keeping silence.  It was pointed out that this may well be the case where the guardian (often the grandmother) has several family members to support and has no source of income.
(c) The teacher still ensures status within the community and the child may not be believed. (d) The girl child is still considered to have lower status than a boy.

I was also informed that, if cases are reported, they are seldom upheld by the various levels of management that Regina has described.

Perhaps we should also consider sexual relationships that may exist between male and female teachers and how traditional gender roles come into play in both rural and urban areas.

Eileen


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Arrey Emmanuel Enow on May 24, 2009, 03:19:32 pm
I think training teacher seperating gender willnot be a good idear. teacher male and female should be trained together.
When we talke of training in psychological support for teachers i think in Cameroon that is not yet done but still to start. Many assosiations and NGOs who talk of psychosocial support are just there to give books, food, assist in paying fees but do not really touch on the pschic aspect.
One reason is due to lack of training and experts. For example if somebody study law and biology and finds his/her self as a school counsellor he/she is not a psychologist and cannot do what a psychologist do. Even those who are phschologist need more practicals.


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Arrey Emmanuel Enow on May 24, 2009, 03:27:38 pm
 In Cameroon,the code for protecting the pupils for child abuse is there but the problem is that  it is not being applied. take for example a teacher abuses a pupil and threatens her and the pupil is ignorant of the fact that she had been abused and can go to the head teacher or the parents and report. I think to address this issue,  sex education must be fully implemented and the pupils and students counselled. This will even make the teachers to be afraid that the pupils know their right and they can take them to justice and higher authorities if they are abused.


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Forum Moderator on May 25, 2009, 10:20:24 am
A message from Uganda:

Hello

Here in uganda the students with stigma have been involved in a number of co curricula activities that range from :
Dancing, singing among others .These activities have made these students so happy and have reduced the stress of living with the disease.
 
Teachers also carry out serious counselling to the students with the virus and those with out it.This has made them feel that they are not forsaken by the fellow students.And it has acted as a cardinal role in changing the way of life of these students and making them mitigate  that kind of of life.
 
And in some good schools of the wealthy class, students with the HIV are occassionally reminded to their drugs on time.

Further strict rules prohibiting other students from teasing  and dis associating those with Hiv are put in place all cease stigma in students living with HIV/AIDS


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Arrey Emmanuel Enow on May 28, 2009, 12:27:52 pm
I will like to share this my experience with you. When i was administering questionnaires to come up with my manuscript "The will to combact HIV/AIDS" I found out that there were three groups of people
- Those who know and are well sensitised on HIV/AIDS and it consequencies but still go without the use of condoms.
- Those who are not well sensitised about hiv/aids and are not willing to hear or respond to any thing about hiv/aids.
- Those who are not sensitised and are willing to learn about hiv/aids.
My main aim was to find out why students still fall victim of hiv/aids when they know about prevention and the consequencies of hiv/aids.
i will like suggest that when curriculum for hiv/aids is being designed, more attention should be focust on the psychological aspect and the change of perception and attitute.


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Forum Moderator on May 28, 2009, 02:07:51 pm
Received via email:

The issues on culture should focus  and emphasized on cultral practices that encourages prevention such as Virgin marraiges etc.


Title: Re: Teacher training to create a safe environment: Questions for discussion
Post by: Forum Moderator on June 02, 2009, 10:48:10 am
Final contribution from Swaziland

The role of teachers in promoting safety and child protection in the school environment



• What is the role for teachers in ensuring that schools are safe places, free from abuse, violence, exploitation, HIV transmission through accidents, HIV-related stigma and discrimination, and homophobia? In what ways can teachers use their power or status to help or hinder HIV prevention?

The SCCS programme is helping to train teachers to offer protection to children trough the school support team of each school.

• How are teachers trained to create a safe environment for HIV education that fosters respect, trust, confidentiality, gender equality, openness and comfort in discussing sensitive issues? Are separate interventions required for girls and boys?
Two teachers are members of the school support team and they have a role of also sensitizing the other teachers.

• How can harmful practices including gender-based violence and abuse, sexual interactions between teachers and learners, and harassment be prevented? Are codes of conduct in place to prevent and to address reported cases of abuse? Consider also the role of ministries of education, head teachers, teachers’ commissions, teachers’ unions and parent-teacher associations in this area.
There are codes of conduct of teachers association (SNAT). The “Teaching Service Act” and “School Rules and Regulation” which offers guidelines and principles to ensure that gender-based violence and sexual interactions between teachers and learners are prevented. A teacher who behaves unprofessionally is brought before the TSC for discipline after evidence has been gathered through investigation. If a teacher is found guilty they get some kind of discipline which may be expulsion from the Teaching Profession. The TSC works closely with the schools manager in the Ministry of Education and Training (MoET).

A toll free line has been established in the MoET for children and concerned adults for report cases of abuse occurring in the school. After such reports, an investigation by officers in the guidance and counseling department launch an investigation into the case reported. The concerned child gets counseling if there’s a need.

These investigations are also coupled with sensitization of both Teachers and Learners in that particular school – concerning gender based violence occurring in schools and this can be prevented.
 
• What preparation and support are teachers being provided to deal with HIV-positive children or children affected by AIDS? What role are teachers playing in identifying vulnerable children and supporting linkages between schools and health and other social services?
The guidance teacher and the teachers who are members of the school support team (SST) in school as centre of care and support (SCCS) schools and head teachers have been trained on these issues. They report cases beyond their control to the school health nurses.

UNICEF together with the BMD department helps to register children who have no birth certificates. Baylor clinic has provided more specific training to some of the teachers (SST) members and guidance teachers.

• To what extent are teachers providing counseling and psychosocial support for HIV-affected children? Has any training been provided to support them in this role? Is this sustainable or do other mechanisms need to be put in place?

Some training has been provided to the guidance teachers on basic counseling and general psychosocial support for both primary and high school. At secondary school there is a more structured way of providing both guidance and counseling. However this is not sustainable because teachers get burnout as they are not remunerated for this, so there’s a need for full time school counselor.