UNESCO HIV and AIDS Education Clearinghouse forum UNESCO HIV and AIDS Education Clearinghouse forum
E-forum on Treatment, Care and Support for HIV and AIDS in Higher Education Institutions. This forum is held at the request of the United Nations Inter-Agency Task Team on Education Working Group on Higher Education (WGHE). It aims to share experiences and good practices on the management of HIV and AIDS within higher education institutions, particularly universities as centres of treatment, care and support.

The forum will be open from 4 to 15 October 2010.

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Author Topic: HIV and AIDS responses policy implications: Questions for discussion  (Read 63430 times)

Posts: 4

« Reply #15 on: October 13, 2010, 01:06:59 pm »

South Africa and the Higher Education HIV and AIDS Programme in particular has done some very interesting work around policy.
The work was based on much of the work that has been well documented around the need for HIV policy, its challenges, impact etc. It also emerged out of an extensive consultative process with both internal and external stakeholders to HE and the specific emerging need for policy imperatives to guide and deign what our responses should look like.

This together with the need to recohnise the institutional autonomy of HEIs, the uniqueness and history - the Programme opted to develop a Policy Framework - based on comprehensiveness, aligned to country mandates and imperatives of higher education.

Thus giving HEI the space and independence to focus their efforts accordingly. As such institutions have the freedom to either assert themseleves as strong research institutions - providing Centres of Excellence as the UP - CSA or strong service centres where institutions focus on PHC and HIV service access to students.

Together with the policy framework, the programme also developed implementation guidelines to assist with the age old challenge of having excellent policies but little beyond that.

The policy framework itself serves as a advocacy tool - it insists on comprehensiveness, accountability and leadership.
It provides direction and it critically speaks to monitoring and evaluation - which even institutions of the highest standing is falling short - in being able to evaluate the impact of their response/work on the epidemic.

There have been many challenges, many differing views - but also many successes in the institutions that have embraced the framework to guide their responses.

The resources are available thro UNESCO and on the HEAIDS or HESA websites.

Posts: 6

« Reply #16 on: October 13, 2010, 02:22:10 pm »

Comments from the moderators:

An interesting emerging discussion point has been raised following the contribution of Mary Crew and Arrey Emmauel Enow.

The question of who will make HIV and AIDS policy for HEIs depends on how HEIs are positioned in the specific society. In countries where HEIs are mainly or exclusively public, government agencies are more likely to lead the process, and facilitate partnership by civil society groups. In societies where HEIs are privatized or both public and private institutes exist, then, as argued in the forum, attracting more students in a free market economy may be a major incentive to HEIs to provide HIV services.

Given the fact that the majority of countries have made commitments to international human rights and development, for example the Millennium Development Goals, and in  particular  Goal 6: Combat HIV and AIDS,  could citizens hold HEIs (even those that are fully privatized) responsible for providing minimum  HIV related services?

Posts: 5

« Reply #17 on: October 13, 2010, 02:58:27 pm »

Development of comprehensive HIV and AIDS policy for HEIs may also be complementary with addressing other socio-economic challenges. For example, in our planning brief HIV and AIDS Challenges and Approaches within the Education Sector, at the IIEP, testimonies from staff within higher education institutions made it clear that as long as the institutes’ policy are not addressing sexual and gender issues on the campuses it will be difficult to face HIV and AIDS. Here is a testimony from Uganda:


“Most of the students joining university now are quite young and their age pushes then to experiment with sex and for many of then it is the first time that they are really free from parental or school administration control. There are all sorts of people who are ready to exploit their innocence……men induce girls with money and the girls eventually give in and it is hard for girls this age to insist that then man uses a condom. The young boys are also pursed by sugar mummies and their fellow female students who are well off”.


Such a reality calls for a student-teacher conduct policy. It will be interesting to learn from the other participants on what other issues could be addressed within HIV and AIDS policy that will improve the overall educational environment.


Posts: 3

« Reply #18 on: October 14, 2010, 12:31:35 pm »

Adding to Manilee's discussion above with regards to Millenium Development Goals: This year's theme for the "African University Day-2010" (November 12), an event which is advocated annually by the AAU and implemented by the secretariat, as well as AAU member universities is: "The Contribution of African Universities to the Achievement of the UN Millenium Development Goals (MDGs)."

The target time of 2015 is just four years away.

Goal 6: Combat HIV and AIDS will also be discussed.
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